Treatment Of An Allergic Reaction: Even the direct social environment of the allergic person should be able to act properly in emergency situations. Even as an outsider, you should not hesitate in severe allergic complaints, as they can occur after an insect bite, and call for immediate medical assistance. For this reason, an allergic person should carry with him an allergy passport, which in addition to the personal data also lists the medications and allergens known as triggers. This allows medical staff to help promptly and specifically.
The allergy pass also facilitates doctor or pharmacy visits, because almost all drugs can cause allergic reactions. The “emergency box” should contain antiallergic agents. Antiallergic drugs are those medicines that are used to fight an allergy. These are divided into four groups according to their active ingredients.
Antihistamines: They are mainly used for hay fever and urticaria. Their active ingredients limit the effect of histamine (an endogenous substance involved in the development of allergic symptoms).
Bronchodilators: These drugs are used to treat asthma attacks. They relax the airway muscles, expand them and make it easier for the patient to breathe.
Mast cell stabilizers: These drugs lead to a stabilization of the cell walls of mast cells. This prevents the release of large amounts of histamine (messenger substance of our body) and thus immediate allergic reactions.
Glucocorticoids: These are medicines with a strong anti-inflammatory effect that are used locally or systematically to prevent the allergic inflammatory fraction. Contents of such an emergency box should be an antihistamine (in drop form), a glucocorticoid preparation (eg in tablet form) and the adrenal hormone adrenaline (pre-filled syringe). Can I also be treated without medication?
The simplest and best remedy is the avoidance of the triggering substance (allergen avoidance). So it is advisable to visit holiday regions during the pollen season, in which there is no such strong pollen count. As a food allergic one pays attention to a low allergen diet. However, considering this recommendation cannot provide 100% protection against allergic reactions.